How to type in Malayalam in Whatsapp from Windows 10 computer

In my previous two articles, we mentioned how to type in Malayalam in Whatsapp in your Android smartphone using Google Handwriting Input and using Swiftkey Keyboard. You can read these articles here and here respectively. In this article, we discuss about how to type in Malayalam in Whatsapp in your Windows 7 or 10 computer.

Step 1: Install necessary tools in Computer

The requirements in your Windows computer are the following.

Now let us set the tools for Malayalam in Google Input Tools. Click on the icon for Google Input Tools in the chrome on the right of address box above the bookmarks bar. Select ‘Extension Options’ from the menu.


Now from the list of languages on the left box (Add Input Tools), select ‘Malayalam’ and click on the right arrow to move it to the right pane (Selected Input Tools). Close the tab.


Click on the Google Input Tools icon in your chrome address bar and select Malayalam. See the images below – first one before selecting the Malayalam tool and the second after selecting the Malayalam tool. Note the change colour of ma in icon.

Step 2: Open web version of Whatsapp

In a new tab, type in the address box and press Enter. Now you will get a webpage with a QR code, as shown below.

Open Whatsapp app in your mobile, click on the three dot icon on the top right  and select WhatsApp Web from the menu. Scan the QR code shown in the computer as shown in image above on the right. Immediately scanning the QR code, the web version of Whatsapp opens in your browser tab.

Step 3: Type your content

Now select the person/ group in the left pane to whom you want sent message in Malayalam. Type your message in the bottom box in the right pane in English letters like you are giving the text to a person who cannot read Malayalam language. 5-6 Suitable Malayalam words will be displayed below from which you can select the best Malayalam word by mouse or using arrows in the keyboard. If the first Malayalam word is correct after you press SPACEBAR, the text will be inserted into the message box automaticall and there is no need to specially select that.After entering the message, click on the send icon on the right bottom to send the text entered.


Congrats. You have successfully sent your Whatsapp Malayalam message from  your computer.

If you want to write in English, select the Google Input Tools icon and select ‘Turn off’ from the menu.

You can type not only in Whatsapp but also in other webpages  with this technique.

Similarly you can type in other Indian languages – Hindi, Kannada, Tamil, Bengali, Marathi, Punjabi, Gujarati, Bengali, Sanskrit, Oriya etc. and other languages like Arabic, French, German, Chinese etc. You just need to select the corresponding tool from Google Input Tools.

As mentioned in the beginning of this article, read how to type in Malayalam in Whatsapp in your Android Mobile click here (write your message using your finger on the screen) and here (touch the appropriate buttons in the keyboard).

Thank you for reading.

A Review of the book ‘Eat that frog’ and my learnings from it

“Do not wait: the time will never be ‘just right’. Start where you stand, and work whatever tools you may have at your command and better tools will be found as you go along.”

frog1The above quote is by Napolean Hill and is stated in the book Eat that Frog. Eat that Frog, a book written by Mr.Brian Tracy, that describe about 21 great ways to stop procrastinating and get more done in less time. The book is written in simple English and can be read in good flow. I completely read the 117 paged book in four stretches. It is more important that we should take notes as we read through each chapter.The points that struck my mind together with my learning from the book are given below.

  • Make two lists of things to do, if possible, in writing – one for personal, one for work
  • Grade them in the order of importance (importance to your career or important to your life.) Also consider the consequences of doing/ not doing the work on time. (Eq. V-vital, I – important, R-  recommended,   D- delegatable and E – eliminatable)
  • We procrastinate things when we feel that we are tired to difficult and voluminous tasks.
  • In order to avoid tiredness, we need to take short breaks, sleep adequately, exercise regularly, have controlled diet and have good meditation.
  • In order to see difficult and voluminous tasks, divide these tasks into small, easy and interesting easy sub-tasks.
  • Make clarity in all these small tasks
  • Before doing each of these task make a plan. Make a small diagram of your plan in paper or in mind. Various Inputs-Processes -Parts of output
  • Put deadlines for these tasks and stick to the deadlines
  • Remove distractions like e-mail, whatsapp messages, other distractions. Concentrate on the task and try to continue present task without any break until the flow breaks.
  • Make plan for tomorrow when the day ends today. This will help your mind to do part of these work to do in subconscious mind and you will amaze the speed at which you can complete each task in the list.
  • If you finds a task boring or very much embarrassing, allocate just 5 minutes each day for it. Once you start seeing the results, increase the duration slowly. Your success becomes an addiction and you will add once feather to your cap.
  • Most important one is do not delay your start. Start Now. Start with you most difficult task (the ugliest frog)

Before reading the book, I have only one list (for work) and my list contained the following.

Serial Number
Tick for items, if completed
Date of entry
To do item – Company & item description
Date of completion


1235. — 12/12/2016 ABC Company – send reminder  |13/12/16
1236.–12/12/2016 XYZ Inc. – Call the promoter and get update about the project
1237. — 13/12/2016 PQR Inc – Review Meeting – letter, attendance, background note
and so on

After reading the book, I have changed my list as follows. I have one list for personal work and one for office work. It contains the following. Date of entry is added on top.

Item Code
Serial Number
Tick for items, if completed
Importance indicated by colour of text (Red, Green, Blue & Black)
To do item description
Each action taken with date (added later)


ABC 1235 — Send reminder | sent 13/12
XYZ 1236 — Call & Get update
PQR 1237 — RM on 23/12 letter, attendance, bg. note | letter sent 14/12 |
and so on

I have two more lists for each day. The details included are just the following (no more repeating the entries)

Serial numbers of items to be done on that day (at the end of the day, circle the entry if done. ) Every morning, I review these lists and start with the most important one.


13-12-16 | 1221, 1235, 1236, 1237
14-12-16 | 1236
and so on

Now I maintain the above list for a week. Slowly I make it into a month. At the end of each day, I replan the next day. I will add colors to this list as well soon to make it more meaningful.

The book is a good read. I am sure you will also gain if you practice the lessons mentioned in the book. You can buy the book from

I like to end this article with a quote of Sadhguru received in whatsapp.

“Do everything like it is the last thing you do. There is nothing to hold back, nothing to save for later.”

20 lesser known but best productive apps for Android

Your’s and mine Android phones have lots of apps. But we have not been using many of the apps. The reason may be the available apps are not efficient or you may be unaware of several useful apps.

Here we like to discuss about 20 best productive free apps (most of which may not be known to you), in the beginning of year 2017. The apps are listed not based on any priority. Click on the title or scan the QR code, to go to the app page in Google Playstore.

Here we go.

    1. Mathdroidqr-mathdroid

      Mathdroid is a special calculator app and have the capabilities of a scientific calculator. It has many built in functions also. The most important feature we liked in this app is that we can view all the previous calculations above saving our valuable time doing same calculation again and again.Moreover, we can edit previous calculations or alter the figures wherever required. The feature is similar to ‘speedcrunch‘ for windows.

    2. Convertpadqr-convertpad

      Convertpad is a unit conversion app. This app can convert units about 100 different types of categories. The main advantage of this unit converter is that when you change one unit, you can see the revised corresponding values of all units in the category.

    3. The Free Dictionaryqr-free-dictionary

      Though there are many free English dictionaries, we like ‘The Free Dictionary’ from the most. The dictionary works in offline mode too. It is fast and easy to use. The main advantages, we feel are that all the different meanings (both noun, verb) are given with sample sentences and are easily comprehensible.

    4. Mail.ruqr-mail-ru

      In app, you can configure multiple e-mail accounts and you can switch them easily. It will show you your custom folders also and have good search facilities. It is easy to use and can mark a copy of the mail to your account also while composing a mail.

    5. Youcam snapqr-youcam-snap

      Youcam snap is similar to camscanner, Microsoft Lens etc. with which you can capture the image of a document and the app will automatically crop the image to the size of the document. Sometimes you have to manually adjust the image to cut as per your requirements. The advantages that we find in Youcam snap are that the app size is low, the captured image will be saved as jpg file automatically and the size of the app is less compared to other similar apps. You can configure size of the image from settings.

    6. Google Keepqr-google-keep

      Google Keep is a note application wherein you can add quicknotes, to-do lists, other lists etc. which will be synchronised on the web and can be accessed online at immediately. The advantage is that you can make entries using your computer online and on syncing, the same appear in your mobile app. The synced notes can be seen offline in your mobile. But the limitation is that the app is not suitable for creating journals as there is limitation to the number of characters per note.

    7. Simple notepadqr-simple-notepad

      Google keep is a good app to store your small notes. What differentiates Simple Notepad from Google Keep is that it can handle large quantity of text which Google keep cannot. The limitation of Simple Notepad are lack of synchronisation to the web. This app can be used for creating journals like diary, events, stories etc.

    8. Tape-a-talkqr-tape-a-talk

      Tape-a-talk is just another recording app which can record sound in the surroundings. The advantage with Tape-a-talk is that the app can do recording in the background without any notification message . After you start recording with the app, nobody will know that you are recording, from seeing your mobile screen. The drawback is that if you forgot to stop recording, it can fill the vacant space in your mobile with continuous recording.

    9. Solcalendarqr-sol-calendar

      Solcalendar is a calendar app which can be used to schedule your day. Solcalendar can sync with Google Calendar. Adding events is easy. You can create multiple reminders for a single entry. You can view your scheduled events as a list. You can add your to-do lists also.

    10. VLC Media Playerqr-vlc-media-player

      VLC Media Player helps you to watch videos/ Movies in fast / slow speed. If you want to take notes decrease the speed. If you are feeling bored, increase the speed. The app will list the video and audio in the device folders.

    11. WPS Office

      WPS office is one of the best office programs for Android. We like it most as this app displays Excel files, Word documents and qr-wpz-officepresentations in most readable and manageable way. It also allows editing these documents. It provides faster scrolling through excel sheets. The app size is small. The recent entries feature will help you to easily access the recent documents.

    12. Text FairyText fairy app android

      The Text-Fairy app is an offline OCR (Optical Character Recognition) app. This app will help you to extract text by taking photographs of your desired printed text. After taken the photograph and converted to text form, connect your mobile to your PC via USB. You can find the corresponding unformatted text in a txt file in the folder textfee in the mobile memory .

    13. Camcard

      Camcard can save the visiting cards you get from other people into your mobile in electronqr-camcardic form and eliminate the need to keep the card in physical form. Further, it can add the contact to your contact list also. If you don’t want to add a contact to the phone contacts, find the contact in your mobile’s contacts list and delete the particular entry.

    14. Offline browserqr-offline-browser

      Offline Browser help you to download your favourite and useful websites to your mobile which can be seen in offline mode. The main advantage we feel about this app is that you can download a tutorial website or online instructions for some work or when you want to view your own website offline.

    15. Drive Autosyncqr-drivesync

      Drive Autosync app can be used for syncing the Google Drive folder to your phone. After syncing the data, the files and folders in Google Drive can be accessed like any other folder. You can set specific interval fors syncing the drive contents.

    16. Storage Analyserstorage-analyser

      Storage Analyser will analyse the space usage in our phone – both System and Memory card- and will present the usage with various pie charts. It will also display the folders with maximum size. It also lists the biggest files in the phone. This will eliminate unnecessary files/ folders that took much space in our mobile phone.

    17. Super Backupqr-super-backup

      Super Backup app is helpful in creating backup of our contacts, sms messages, call records, apps etc. The app can send the backups as e-mail so that these details can be accessed even if we lose our phone.  Creating backups of contacts is helpful, when we change our mobile phones too. In addition, taking regular backups will help to keep good track of sms messages, call records etc.

    18. Xenderqr-xender

      Xender is a file sharing app among Android devices by using the wifi feature of Android devices. Huge files, folders and apps can be transferred at blazing speed between Android devices in seconds without incurring any cost to you.

    19. Line Launcherqr-line-launcher

      Line Launcher app will replace the default launcher in the Android mobile device. The features we like the most are feature to hide unimportant apps in the app drawer, increasing the number of app icons in the app dock in the home screen, etc. It also supports creating folder containing many app icons, sorting the app icons based on usage, sorting app icons alphabetically and usage of gestures to open apps. Read more.

    20. Wallpaper Changerqr-wallpaper-changer

      Wallpaper Changer app helps you to change your wallpaper at intervals or at every screen unlock. Folders containing image files can be chosen as the source directory in the settings.

Thank you for reading.

How to convert column numbers to alphabetical characters and vice versa in Microsoft Excel using VBA

How to convert column numbers to alphabetical characters/ column letter and vice versa in Microsoft Excel using VBA

This article is on how to get the alphabetical notation of columns from their numerical equivalents in Microsoft Excel using Visual Basic for Applications (VBA).

1. Get alphabetical notation of columns from their numerical equivalents

For example, if you give column number as 27, you will get “AA” , its alphabetical equivalent/ column letter.

While writing VBA codes, I have come across a situation where I need the alphabetical equivalent of column numbers.

Microsoft Excel from its 2007 version has increased the number of columns 16384 i.e. columns range from A to XFD. A alphabetical notation for a column can have one (e.g. A) to three (e.g. AAA) characters. So we need to find out a maximum of three characters. First letter from the left in a three character column number indicates the number of 26*26s in the column number. The second letter indicates the number of 26s not counted in first character. The last character indicates the remaining no. of characters in the column name.

The following VBA function will give the alphabetical equivalent on giving the column number as input.

Function colAlphabet(iCol As Integer)
   iterAlphabet = Int((iCol - 1) / 26)
   firstAlphabet = Int(IIf(iterAlphabet - 1 > 0, (iterAlphabet - 1) / 26, 0))
   ColAlphabet = IIf(firstAlphabet > 0, Chr(firstAlphabet + 64), "") & _
                 IIf(iterAlphabet - firstAlphabet * 26 > 0, _
                    Chr(iterAlphabet - firstAlphabet * 26 + 64), "") & _
                    Chr(iCol - iterAlphabet * 26 + 64)
End function

In this function, first the no. of iterations of full alphabets (26 characters) is calculated and stored into iterAlphabet. In the second step, the number of 26*26s found out and stored into firstAlphabet. Balance number of 26s found out by deducting the sum of firstAlphabet*26 from iterAlphabet. Balance number of alphabets which are short of a full alphabet (26 characters) is found out by deducting iterAlphabet*26 from original column number. In ASCII, A is 65 and Z is 90. Hence we add the number 64 to each number to get the ASCII equivalent of number in CAPITALS.

2. Get column number from its alphabetical notation/ column letter

If you give a text corresponding to a column (column letter), the function below will give you the corresponding number.

Function Col_no(ColAlpha As String)
     ColAlpha = UCase(ColAlpha)
     If Len(ColAlpha) = 3 Then
         Col_No = (Asc(Left(ColAlpha, 1)) - 64) * 26 * 26 + _
                  ((Asc(Mid(ColAlpha, 2, 1)) - 64) - 1) * 26 + _
                  Asc(Right(ColAlpha, 1)) - 64
     ElseIf Len(ColAlpha) = 2 Then
         Col_No = (Asc(Left(ColAlpha, 1)) - 64) * 26 + _
                  (Asc(Right(ColAlpha, 1)) - 64)
         Col_No = Asc(Right(ColAlpha, 1)) - 64
     End If
End function

Here all individual characters are extracted from the string representing the column. In a three letter column index, first the number 64 is deducted from each extracted character to remove the ASCII numbering. For example, ASCII number of A is 65 and when we subtract 64 from 65 we will get 1 for A. The first character (from left) is multiplied with 26*26, second number is multiplied with 26 and the last number is taken as is. All the three added together will give you the corresponding column number.

I have used these two macros in my Excel add-in Jacros for Excel for various purposes.

Thank you for reading.

6 Best free software tools to prepare content for a free WordPress blog

WordPress itself has a good blog editor and is getting updated frequently with more features.


However, I found the following set of free software tools helpful in preparing blog posts for my free blog sites (Another neighbourhood techie and Jacros for Excel). All these softwares are for Microsoft Windows OS.

  1. Windows Live writer

    Windows Live Writer

    The current editor of is easy to use and have a lot of features. You can edit the html tags, categories for the blog, change the size and place of images and more.

    Why you should use Windows Live Writer, then?

    • Windows Live writer can be used as the offline editor. You can save a local copy of online drafts and you can edit them later. Qumana (another website editor) can download online drafts automatically but Windows Live Writer lacks this feature. After preparing the blog offline, you can either publish directly or post draft to WordPress, the latter I prefer.
    • The interface of Windows Live Writer is almost identical to Microsoft Office (ribbon interface) and therefore easier to use.

    To add a line break, press CTRL + Enter. If you press Enter key on any lists, a new numbered/ ordered list item will be added.

    After the blog is completed in Windows Live Writer, use ‘Post draft to blog’ to upload the content to Add sharing options and any other necessary changes, publish the post from editor.

    Windows Live Writer is now open source and the open source version 0.6 is available here. There is not much difference between the two.

  2. Caesium Image Compressor

    Caesium Image compressor

    Webpages should load faster and for this, all items in the webpage particularly, images should have lower size. have its own compression mechanism and when you add an image to, it gets automatically compressed to some extent. But if you are editing offline, an offline compressor will be of much use.
    Caesium image compressor
    often amuse you with its compression level, without noticeable change in quality. You can do bulk compression, resizing operations also. You can drag and drop files to the file list.

    But for some files (particularly when png files are being compressed to jpg files), the new file size will be bigger and to avoid this resizing, select the feature ‘Skip if output file size is greater than the original from settings>> compression. If you select, auto preview you can see the level of compression possible for each image file.

    To compress image files, add image files, select compression level and image type from lower left, select output folder from lower right (if you want to keep the source folder, you can select the item ‘same folder as input’ and then click compress.

    A portable version of the software is also available.

  3. Notepad++

    is a multiple language editor including html. Notepad++ can help to counter some deficiencies of Windows Live Writer. There is no replace text facility in Windows Live Writer. It is little difficult to combine numbered/ ordered lists in Windows Live Writer, copy the entire source to Notepad++, the tags will be displayed in different colour and hence it is easier to locate and modify manually. Replace method is also possible in Notepad++. It has a lot of other features too.

  4. FastStone capture

    FastStone Capture help you in taking screenshots and editing, highlighting required areas of the screen. You can select the entire screen, active window, another window/ object, rectangle region in the screen, any region on the screen, scrolling window etc. You can include/ exclude your mouse pointer in the screenshot. You can crop the images, add caption, add watermark, add border, etc. Faststone Capture has a draw option wherein you can highlight areas, add text, pointers, lines, rectangle, ellipse etc. You can drag and drop files to the small window of FastStone Capture to edit them in this tool.

    A free (free for non-commercial use) old version (v. 5.3) of the software is available.

    For taking screenshots you can use Microsoft Word also. Go to Insert>>Screenshot >> Select the available windows shown or use ‘screen clipping’. Copy the image and paste in Windows Live Writer or ‘Save as picture’ from right click menu and upload to But Microsoft Word is not freeware.

    Microsoft Word - Screenshots

  5. ScreenToGif

    Screen to Gif
    Incorporating short video files for tutorials is no longer in practise. Though showing small animations using gif image files are also losing momentum, the small free software ScreenToGif helps in creating small animations in gif format. The advantage is that the output file size will be very small compared to a video file of the same. If you are not recording the full screen, you need to occasionally move the software to desired to position to capture different parts of the screen in the output screen size.

    Edit screen to GifYou can remove frames selectively to reduce the image size and to remove the unwanted frames.You can see the frames one by one using the arrows in the bottom of the screen and while you view remove unwanted frames by selecting ‘Delete frame’ from top of the screen (or use Delete key). You can also add text to these screens by going to Options >> Add quick caption. After editing, ‘Start Preview’ to finalise the animation, then select ‘Done’. The software will ask you to encode the animation, click Yes. The software will remove identical pixels from successive frames, reducing the file size considerably.

  6. Google Chrome

    All webpages require good SEO practises. does a lot of SEO included in it. But to use the proper keywords for our webpage, we can do a Google search or can use Google keywords service using Google Chrome.  We can get the trending keywords so as to attract maximum traffic to our webpages.

Thank you for reading.

Top 50+ tips to improve your internet browsing with Google Chrome–Part 5 of 5–Search tips, Miscellaneous tips & keyboard shortcuts

Google chrome is the best internet browser currently available. In this series of five articles on chrome tips, we believe that you can use the internet faster and efficiently.

You can read the first 4 articles by clicking on the links below.

Part 1- bookmark tips
Part 2- tips on extensions
Part 3- tab/ window management tips
Part 4 – Downloading/ saving & viewing tips

Part 5- Search Tips, Miscellaneous tips & keyboard shortcuts –starts below.

  1. Search Tips

    1. To go to a new webpage ,  press F6 to select the current address in  the address box, type the address and press ENTER key
    2. To convert units, type ‘100 unit1 in unit2’ eg. 1 acre in hectareunit conversion
    3. To convert currencies, type amount currency1 in currency2. (eg. 1 INR in USD)Currency convertor
    4. Want to make a calculation, simply type the calculation in the address bar (eg. 5+4) , wait for a second, your answer will be displayed just below address bar.Math calculation Google chrome
    5. To get a timer, type ‘Timer for 10 minutes”.Timer - google chrome

    6. To search meaning of a word, type ‘word meaning’Word meaning

    7. To search with google for a word/ phrase present in the current webpage by first select the word/phrase, then right click on the selection while pressing down ‘s’ key on the keyboard. Alternatively, you can do this by select the word/phrase first, then select  ‘Search Google for ….’ from right click menu.Search a phrase
    8. To search for an image on a webpage – right click on the image while pressing down ‘s’ key on the keyboard. Alternatively, you can do this by right click on the image, then select  ‘Search Google for ….’ from right click menu. Search an image
    9. No need to go to to search. Just type your search query right inside the address bar (omnibox) to search. You will get suggestions in the form of autofill in the omnibar and 5 similar phrases searched by others just below the omnibar. Google chrome - search autofill
    10. To search / go to another website, no need to open new tab initially. Just type your search phrase in the omnibar from the current tab and then press ALT + ENTER. A new tab will be opened with the  search results.Google search - search in new tab from current tab
    11. Search for similar images on the internet about an image in your desktop, open ’Google images’ search page then drag and drop the image to the search box.Google search -search images
    12. Search for a page that you visited recently, in your History. Press CTRL+H to open History page. In the Search box, provide the keywords that you remember.Google chrome - search history
    13. Add custom search engines in the Settings>>Search >>Manage search engines. Then you can custom search the website from the omnibox as shown in no.14 below.Custom search engines - Google chrome
    14. To search in a particular website (after adding in the search engine list as shown in item 13 above), type a search engine keyword/ address as specified in your chrome’s search engine list, press Tab, type a search term, and press Enter.    Performs a search in the website associated with the keyword.Search in a website
  2. Miscellaneous Tips

    1. To copy a large text from the webpage, click (left button) on the beginning of the text first, then go down to the end of the text to be copied using scroll bars, then click at the end of the text while pressing down SHIFT key. Press CTRL + C to copy.
    2. Use In-cognito window to browse without leaving a trace in your history (But your access will be registered in the server). Press Ctrl+Shift+N or select ‘New Incognito window’ from chrome menu to open an incognito window.Google chrome - incognito window
    3. Use In-cognito window to login to another e-mail account of the same e-mail service.
    4. Enable password saving by Chrome to make the chrome to remember your non-bank related passwords . You can delete saved passwords site by site, if not required to be saved.Go to settings>> advanced settings
      Google chrome - save passwords
    5. Enable automatic form filling to save repeat typing of your data
    6. If a site is unavailable  you can search the page in the google cache by searching websiteaddress shown above to match your required website address. (The site is used below for instructional purpose only.)Google chrome - cacheview
  3. Important Google Chrome Keyboard shortcuts – Summary

      CTRL + D – bookmark current page
      CTRL+SHIFT+D – bookmark all open pages into a new folder
      CTRL+SHIFT+B – toggle bookmarks bar
      CTRL+SHIFT+O – bookmarks manager
    2. Copy & paste
      CTRL + C – copy text
      CTRL+V – paste text
      CTRL+SHIFT+V -paste text (without formatting)
    3. Print & Save
      CTRL+P – print
      CTRL+F – find
      CTRL+S – save the webpage
    4. View
      CTRL+J – open list of downloads in new tab
      CTRL+H – open history
      F11 – full screen
      CTRL + + zoom up, CTRL+ – zoom down, CTRL+0 – zoom to 100%
    5. Navigation
      CTRL+W -close current tab
      CTRL+SHIFT+W -close all tabs in current window
      CTRL+SHIFT+Q -close all windows and exits Google Chrome
      CTRL+N -new window
      CTRL+SHIFT+N – new incognito window
      CTRL+T -new tab
      CTRL+SHIFT+T – open recently closed tab
      ALT+ARROW KEY RIGHT – Page visited next to current page
      ALT + ARROW KEY LEFT – page visited previous to current page
      HOME or CTRL+HOME – go to the top of the webpage
      END or CTRL+END – go to the bottom of the webpage
      SPACEBAR – show the screen down
      SHIFT + SPACEBAR – show the screen up
      CTRL + 1 – go to first tab, CTRL+2-8 – go to second, third, … CTRL+9 – go to last tab

Thank you for reading.

Top 50+ Tips to improve your internet browsing using Google Chrome – Part 4 of 5 – tips on downloading, saving & viewing

Top 50+ tips for Google Chrome consists of 5 parts. You can visit part 1, 2 & 3 by clicking the links below.

Part 1- tips of Google Chrome bookmarks
Part 2- tips on Google Chrome extensions
Part 3 – Tips on Google Chrome tab/ window management

Part 4 – Downloading/ saving & viewing/ screen tips starts below.


  1. Downloading/ saving tips

    1. ALT+ click on a link to save the target (image/ webpage/ pdf/ any other file) to your download folder in the background without a save dialog.
    2. Copy downloaded file to Desktop or to any other folder by clicking and dragging its notification in the ‘Downloads bar’ to Desktop. You can also create a copy of downloaded file by clicking and dragging its link from Downloads page. First resize the chrome window to see the other folder. Now click on the entry on the notification bar and drag it to your desktop.Copy downloaded files to a folder - Google Chrome
    3. You can save any webpage as PDF by using the Print method. Press CTRL+P to get the print dialog window, change the destination to ‘Save as PDF’google-chrome-save-as-pdf
    4. Press CTRL+J to view the list of downloaded files. The list will open in a new tab if the current tab is not blank.

    Downloads - Google chrome

    1. To go to the folder containing the downloaded file, just click on the downward arrow icon next to the downloaded file name in the downloads bar and select ‘Show in Folder’. If downloads bar is not visible, press CTRL+J  to view the page with list of downloaded files.
      Google chrome - open file locatio of downloaded file
    2. To open a downloaded file, just double click on the item in the downloads bar. You can double click on the item on the downloads bar even when download is in progress, Chrome will indicate there itself that file will be opened once downloading is completed.Google Chrome - open a downloaded file[3]
    3. You can change the download folder from Settings>> Settings>> Advanced settings. You can also specify to ask the folder to save at the time of each download.Google chrome- change download location
    4. You can pause / cancel a download by right clicking on the drop down arrow in download info box in the download bar and selecting pause or cancel from the right click menu.

      Pause a download- Google chrome
    5. To save a webpage, press CTRL+S. You will be asked whether you need to save ‘html only’ (without images and other files) or ‘webpage complete’. Don’t forget to keep the webpage open, until the webpage is saved.Save a webpage- Google chrome
    6. You can open image files, audio and video files in chrome. Just drag the link from the downloads page to an empty area on the tab bar.Open file from Downloads in Chrome itself - Google chrome


  2. Viewing/ screen tips

    1. Quickly increase the text size (zoom up) by pressing CTRL + + keys or by CTRL + scrolling mouse button upwards. Quickly decrease the text size (zoom down) by pressing CTRL + – keys or by CTRL + scrolling mouse button downwards. Pressing CTRL + 0 will adjust the zoom level to 100%.
    2. Go to the top of the webpage by pressing ‘Home’ key or CTRL+Home key
    3. Go to the bottom of the webpage by pressing End or CTRL+End key 
    4. Hit ‘Space bar’ to scroll down the web page. Shift + Space bar Scrolls up the web page
    5. To view the webpage full screen, press F11. To turn off full screen press F11 again.
    6. Find the loading status of the page- If the symbol on the left side of a’ tab title’ is rotating counter-clockwise, it means information is being transmitted to the server/ website. If data is being received from server/ webpage, the loading symbol will rotate clockwise.Google Chrome - page loading[3]

Part 5 of ‘Top 50+ Tips to improve your internet browsing using Google Chrome’ that contain Search Tips, Miscellaneous tips & keyboard shortcuts will be posted soon.

Thank you for reading.

How to e-File Income tax return in from Form 16 for AY 2016-17.

Income tax return - e-fileFiling income tax return in Government site is very easy and here are the steps to do it for salaryholders who has no income from business, income from more than one house, income from capital gains, income from abroad etc. You have to file your returns by July 31st of every year and you have to remit any additional income tax payable through OLTAS/ bank by 31st July. Now it is just one week to go. As per rule, every Indian who has income prior to deduction of 80C have to file income tax. Income tax rates for AY 2016-17 (FY 2015-16) for individuals of age upto 60 years are as follows. The corresponding rates for others and more information can be found here.

Tax Brackets (for individuals of age up to 60 lakhs as on 31.03.2016) Tax %
Income up to Rs.2,50,000/- Nil
Income from Rs.2,50,000 to 5,00,000/- 10%
Income from Rs.5,00,000 – 10,00,000/- 20%
Income from Rs. 10,00,000/- 30%

Moreover, you have to pay a surcharge and cess of 3% on this tax. For individuals with annual income up to Rs.5,00,000/- there is a rebate upto Rs.2000/-.

This article is on how to e-file your income tax return using your Form 16 for AY 2016-17, various things to consider in filing in the website, tips & tricks, how to obtain Form 26 AS, how to remit self assessment tax and the benefits of filing the return by yourself.

Benefits of filing the return by yourself

  • Income tax filing is simple
  • It will take less than 10 minutes in your second year filing
  • You can provide more accurate data than your tax practitioner
  • Since you are filing your own data, you will be more conscious and hence errors will be less
  • You can avoid fraudulent attempts by third party tax filers
  • Save the money for filing the return

How to file Income tax return through with your Form 16

  1. Documents/ Data you need to file the income tax return

    • Form 16
    • Account numbers & IFSC Code for all your bank accounts
    • Aadhaar Number (not mandatory)
    • Access to your e-mail id and mobile
    • Form 26 AS, optional (see below)
  2. Login to Login with your login ID (PAN number), date of birth & password. Enter the characters shown in the image and click on login.If you have manually in the past and are using the site for the first time,
      • click ‘Register new user’.
      • You need to have to your PAN card handy, to enter your last name correctly (if you have abbreviations in surname). Make sure you have access to your e-mail account and mobile.
      • Enter the details sought and click continue.
      • Enter your address, e-mail address and phone number, secret questions and answers, password the next screen.
      • You will be given an activation link in your e-mail address and a pin number in your mobile.
      • Click on the activation link in your e-mail and enter the pin from the mobile message, when prompted.).
      • Continue login to the site.
    • If you have got it filed with a tax practitioner last year, here is how to get your own password and login.

      • click ‘Login Here’
      • Click on ‘Forgot Password’ seen on right of ‘Login’ button
      • enter your pan number as user ID. Enter the captcha number as shown in the box provided. Click continue.reset password 1
      • In the next screen, Select using OTP (PINS) option.reset password
      • In the next screen, enter your e-mail and mobile number. Get other details from your Form 26 AS and click validate.reset password 2
      • You will get a validation link in your e-mail and an OTP pin in your mobile
      • Click on the link and on the page appears enter the OTP  from your mobile.
      • Now you can input your own password so that you can login to the site.


  3. Click on the link ‘Quick e-file ITR’ from the link

    on the left side menu.

    quick file ITR

  4. Specify the ITR Form and Assessment year
    Select ‘ITR-1’ as your ITR Form Name and 2016-17 as Assessment year. Select ‘From PAN Database’ if you are filing returns for the first time otherwise select ‘From Previous Return Filed’. Select ‘No’ for Do you want to digitally sign? (If you do have digital signature in your system select Yes). Click Submit.file IT return
  5. Select ‘Personal Information’ tab and fill in the personal details

    IT Return - personal particulars

    Fill the following details, if not automatically filled or if the details available are different.

    • First Name
    • Middle Name
    • Status – select ‘I –Individual‘
    • Address Details
    • e-mail id
    • phone number
    • Employer category – Government/ PSU/ Private
    • Tax status – select tax refundable
    • Resident status – If you are living in India or not an NRI select ‘RES- Resident’
    • Select ‘On or before Due date’ for item A22
    • Select ‘Original’ if you have not submitted return for AY 2016-17 earlier
    • Select ‘No’ for iitem A23 if you are not governed by Portuguese Civil Code. If you do not know about Portuguese Civil code, put No
    • Entering Aadhar no is not mandatory
    • Click on ‘Save Draft’ button
    • Click on the forward button on the right side or select ‘Income details’ tab on the top
  6. Select ‘Income Details’ tab and fill in the details

    IT Return - income details

    Fill the following details

    • Enter income from salary as per your form 16  (after adding amount of perquisites, deducting professional tax paid, deducting HRA deduction)
    • If you have income/loss from house property, Select ‘Self occupied/ rented out’ for type of house property. Enter the income in the cell B2 (in case loss, put – sign before the amount eg.-123456) . Learn how to calculate income/ loss on house property from here.
    • Enter income from other sources including income from Fixed deposit with bank and other incomes
    • Under deductions, enter the details as given in your Form 16
      • 80C –Tax saver Mutual funds, insurance premium for tax saving, PF, 5 year fixed deposit (tax saver) in bank etc., if any
      • 80CCD – investment in NPS Employee contribution, if any
      • 80CCD(1B) – voluntary contribution in NPS, if any
      • 80 CCD(2) – Employer contribution in NPS, if any
      • etc.
    • Click on ‘Save Draft’ button
    • Click on the forward button on the right side or select ‘Tax details’ tab on the top


  7. Select ‘Tax Details’ Tab and enter details

    IT Return - tax details

    • Ensure that the TDS by your employer is reflected in the tab.
    • Check whether any other TDS is also reflected in the tab. Ensure that thee corresponding income is included in income from other sources.
    • If you have paid self assessment tax, enter the details under ‘Sch IT – Details of Advanced Tax and Self Assessment Tax Payments’
    • Click on ‘Save Draft’ button
    • Click on the forward button on the right side or select ‘Taxed paid and Verification’ tab on the top


  8. Select ‘Tax paid and Verification’ tab and enter the details


    • Verify the taxes paid and the refund amount. IT Return - Tax verification
    • If there is any amount showing as taxes payable   pay using OLTAS method (see below). Then add the payment details under Self Assessment tax as mentioned above.
    • Enter the bank account details (IFSC code, account no. & account type) where salary is credited under D21(a) ‘Bank account in which refund if any shall be credited’. No. of bank accounts may be entered under D21 and other bank account details (IFSC code, account no. & account type) may also be entered.
    • Insert your fathers’ name and name of place under ‘verification’ heading.
    • Once check all the tabs and data, then click on Submit.


  9. Verification of Income Tax Return

    e-verify return

    • If you have linked Aadhar number in this income tax return and if your current mobile number was given at the time of taking your aadhar card,
      • you may generate aadhar OTP to e-verify the return.
      • Enter the OTP that you received in you mobile phone to complete the verification
    • If you have access to your bank account through online banking and if you had given your PAN number while applying for the bank account,
      • you may select Option 2- I do not have an EVC and I would like to generate EVC to e-verify my return. verify return - continue
      • Choose your bank from the list of banks given.
        efiling 4
      • Login to your bank account. (for illustration purpose, the procedure with SBI is given below)
      • In the home page of your homepage, select ‘Login to e-filing’.
        login to efiling from online banking
      • Select the bank account and click submit
        login e filing 2
      • An OTP/ High Security Password will be sent to your mobile by bank, enter the OTP received in your mobile, in the box provided.login efiling 4
      • After entering the OTP, you will be directed to from the following screen. Click on continue.verify 7
      • Click on ‘e-file’ entry on the top menu bar>>select ‘e-verify return’verify return
      • Click on ‘e-verify’ link on the right corresponding to AY 2016-17 .e-verify
      • You will be asked to confirm to e-verify your return. Click continue.everify 5
      • Filing of return is over. Skip step 11
    • If you cannot use aadhar based e-verification and bank account based e-verification, choose the last option – Send the signed acknowledgement to CPC
      • Download the file
      • Open the file with password (see step 10 below)
      • send the acknowledgement to CPC, after filling the details of your name, father’s name, place and date and putting your sign on it (in the address given at the bottom of the acknowledgement) through normal post.


  10. Take a printout of your acknowledgement

    Password is your pan number in lowercase followed by your date of birth in ddmmyyyy format. If your pan number ABCDE1234F and your date of birth is 12/34/5678 then your password will be abcde1234f12345678

  11. Send signed acknowledgement to CPC, if not e-verified

    If you have e-verified your return, do not send the acknowledgement to CPC (in the address given at the bottom of the acknowledgement).
    If you have not e-verified your return, send the acknowledgement to CPC, after filling the details of your name, father’s name, place and date and putting your sign on it (in the address given at the bottom of the acknowledgement).


Form 26 AS and how to obtain it

Form 26 AS provides information on TDS credited in your PAN account from your employer, TDS deducted by your bank on fixed deposits, TDS deducted on income from other sources. Since you have to include your other income also while filing the income tax return, it is always advised to take the Form 26 AS before filing the income tax return.

  • Login to (if you are using the site for first time, please see step 2 above)
  • Click Form 26 AS (Tax Credit) on the left side menu

    View Form 26 AS

  • Click confirm on the next screen
  • On the next screen, tick ‘I agree to the usage and acceptance of Form 16/16A generated from 26 AS’ and click on Proceed
    Form 26 AS - Agree
  • Click the link – View Tax Credit (Form 26AS) – located near to the bottom of the page
    View Form 26 AS - 3
  • In the next screen, select assessment year as 2016-17 and select HTML/ PDF. If you have selected HTML, scroll down to see your Form 26 AS statement. If you have opted for PDF file, the file will be downloaded. The password will be your date of birth in the format ddmmyyyy.
    Form 26 AS - 4

How to File Self Assessment Tax through OLTAS

To file self assessment tax through OLTAS, you need to have online banking facility. If you do not have internet banking facility, go to any bank, fill in the respective form and remit it. Proceed to step 8 below. Here are the steps to file self assessment tax through OLTAS.

  1. Get Total taxes paid and interest payable amount from ‘Income Details’ tab and ‘taxes paid and verification’ tabs of income tax return page in step 6 above. Get the taxes paid and cess paid from your Form 16.
    1. D8.’Balance Tax After Relief’ (BTAR) in ‘Income details’ tab is the total of taxes & cess
    2. Total taxes & cess to be paid (TCTBP)= BTAR – taxes paid in form 16 – cess paid in form 16
    3. Total tax to be paid before TDS on other income (TTBP)=TCTBP/1.03 (since 3% is surcharge & cess on tax)
    4. tax to be paid=Total tax to be paid before TDS on other income – TDS on other income
    5. cess to be paid = TCTBP-TTBP
    6. Interest amount is available in ‘Income details’tab
  2. Go to e-payment site of Income tax Department (click here)
  3. Click on ‘Challan No./ITNS 280’ for payment of income tax
  4. In the e-payment page
    2. Enter PAN number
    3. Enter Assessment year as 2016-17
    4. Enter address, e-mail & Phone number
    5. Select ‘300 – Self Assessment Tax’
    6. Select your bank
    7. Enter the captcha codes shown in the box given under it
    8. Click on proceed
  5. In the next page, your name will be displayed, verify the particulars entered by you and proceed to bank site for payment of interest
  6. Login to online banking
  7. Input the details of tax, surcharge, interest to be paid calculated in  1 (D,E &F) and follow the guidelines.
  8. After payment, you will get the details to input under ‘self assessment tax’ in ‘Tax Details’ Tab of Income tax return page as specified in step 7 above.
  9. Input the Self Assessment Tax in the ‘Tax Details’ tab check the ‘Tax paid and Verification’ tab and ensure tax to be paid is zero. Then complete the filing.

Happy filing!!!.

PS: The author took atmost care for correctness of steps and calculation, the readers are advised to verify themselves the entries need to be made to file income tax return.

Best smartphones in India under Rs.10000/- and under Rs.12000/- compared & recommendations

Smartphones are now an essential part of our life that we spend at least 5 hours per day with it. But these phones are getting outdated or becoming unusable every 2-3 years. New models of smartphones, both Indian and Chinese make, are entering the market. Newer versions of Android, latest is Nougat, are being released by Google. Processors, memory modules and other electronic components are becoming faster and cheaper and newer apps require more memory space in the phone. More over our ‘always busy’ lives require faster and efficient devices.


Smartphones can be classified into four.

  1. Smartphones for those who use them only for calls and messaging. They can have low end devices costing around Rs.5000-9000/-.
  2. Smartphones for normal users who tries to utilize their mobile devices for all their needs – calls, messaging, Whatsapp,  word processing, gaming, social media, e-mails, fund transfer, reading books and articles, internet browsing, e-commerce, navigation, listening to music, watching videos etc. The cost of smartphones range from Rs.9000/- – Rs.15000/-
  3. Smartphones for those who do heavy gaming and those who want more powerful phones at lower cost. These range from Rs.15000 – Rs.25000/-
  4. Smartphones for those who consider as a prestige symbol. These phones may have better features but not worth the incremental cost of the device.The cost of these smartphones range from Rs.25000/- and upwards. This category also contain lower cost phones by big brands but with lesser features comparable to category 2 phones with a price margin of around Rs.3000-5000/- .

The following classification of smartphones is made for phones in the second category mentioned above where features/price is the highest . i.e. with latest features in the price range below Rs.15000/-.

Redmi Note 3 16 GB Meizu M3 Note LeEco Le 1s Eco Redmi Note 3 32 GB LeEco Le 2 Lenovo Vibe K4 Note Asus Zenfone 2 Laser 5.5 Mi Max
Display Size 5.5 in 5.5 in 5.5 in 5.5 in 5.5 in 5.5 in 5.5 in 6.44 in
Display Resolution Full HD, 1920 x 1080 Pixels Full HD, 1920 x 1080 Pixels Full HD, 1920 x 1080 Pixels Full HD, 1920 x 1080 Pixels Full HD, 1920 x 1080 Pixels Full HD, 1920 x 1080 Pixels HD, 1280 x 720 Pixels Full HD, 1920 x 1080 Pixels
Other Display features 401 PPI, IPS, Sunlight Display, Night Mode, Reading Mode 403 ppi, 2.5D Glass 403 PPI, IPS Display, 10-point Multi-touch 401 PPI, IPS, Sunlight Display, Night Mode, Reading Mode 403 PPI, IPS Display, 10-point Multi-touch, Blue Light Filter 403 PPI, IPS,10-point Multi-touch IPS, 10-point Multi-touch 342 PPI, IPS Display, Sunlight Display, Reading Mode, 2.5D Glass
Sim slot Dual Sim, GSM + LTE Dual Sim, LTE + LTE Dual Sim, LTE + LTE Dual Sim, GSM + LTE Dual Sim, LTE + LTE Dual Sim, LTE + LTE Dual Sim, LTE + LTE Dual Sim (GSM + LTE)
Camera (rear/ front) 16 MP/ 5 MP 13 MP/5MP 13 MP/5MP 16 MP/ 5 MP 16 MP/8 MP 13 MP/5MP 13 MP/5MP 16 MP/5MP
Flash Two Tone LED Two Tone LED Single LED Two Tone LED Two Tone LED Two Tone LED Two Tone LED Two Tone LED
Bluetooth v4.1 v4.0 v4.1 v4.1 v4.1 v4.0 v4.0 v4.2
Navigation A-GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou, with Google Maps GPS, A-GPS, GLONASS, with Google Maps A-GPS, GLONASS, with Google Maps A-GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou, with Google Maps A-GPS, GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou, with Google Maps A-GPS, with Google Maps A-GPS, GLONASS, with Google Maps A-GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou, with Google Maps
Sensors Ambient Light Sensor, Proximity Sensor, eCompass, Accelerometer, Infrared Sensor, Gyroscope, Hall sensor Hall sensor, Gravity sensor, proximity sensor, Gyroscope, Ambient light sensor, Digital compass Magnetometer, Gravity Sensor, Proximity Sensor, Light Sensor, Infrared Sensor Ambient Light Sensor, Proximity Sensor, eCompass, Accelerometer, Infrared Sensor, Gyroscope, Hall sensor Gyroscope, Hall Sensor, Magnetometer, Gravity Sensor, Proximity Sensor, Ambient Light Sensor, Infrared Sensor, Gyroscope, Light sensor, Accelerometer, Proximity sensor Accelerometer, eCompass, Proximity Sensor, Ambient Light Sensor, Hall Sensor Ambient Light Sensor, Proximity Sensor, eCompass, Accelerometer / Gravity Sensor, Infrared Sensor, Gyroscope, Hall Sensor
Fingerprint scanner Yes, (0.3 sec Unlock) Yes (0.2 sec unlock) Yes Yes, (0.3 sec Unlock) Yes Yes No Yes
Battery 4000 mAh Li Iron Polymer 4100 mAh Li Iron Polymer 3000 mAh Li Iron Polymer 4000 mAh Li Iron Polymer 3000 mAh Li Iron Polymer Quickcharge 2.0 3300 mAh Li Iron Polymer Quickcharge 2.0 3000 mAh Li Iron Polymer 4850 mAh Li-Polymer Battery
weight 164 g 163 g 170 g 164 g 153 g 159 g 170 g 203 g
size (w,l,d) 76x150x8.65 mm 75.5 x 153.6 x 8.2 mm 74.2×151.1×7.6 mm 76x150x8.65 mm 74.2×151.1×7.7 mm 76.45×153.67 x 9.14 mm 77.2×152.5×10.8 mm 88.3×173.1×7.5 mm
Memory 2 GB RAM, 16 GB ROM 3 GB RAM, 32 GB ROM 3 GB RAM, 32 GB ROM 3 GB RAM, 32 GB ROM 3 GB RAM, 32 GB ROM 3 GB RAM, 16 GB ROM 3 GB RAM, 16 GB ROM 3 GB RAM, 32 GB ROM
Expandable to 32 GB (hybrid slot) 128 GB (hybrid slot) 32 GB 32 GB (hybrid slot) 32 GB 128 GB 128 GB 128 GB (hybrid slot)
OS Android v5.1 (Lollipop) Android v5.1 (Lollipop) Android v5.0.2 (Lollipop) Android v5.1 (Lollipop) Android v6 (Marshmallow) Android v5.1 (Lollipop) Android v5 (Lollipop) Android v6.0.1 (Marshmallow)
Processor 1.8 GHz + Qualcomm Snapdragon 650 64-bit Helio P10 processor with 1.8GHz ARM Cortex A53 + 1.0 GHz ARM Cortex octa-core 1.85 GHz + MediaTek Helio X10, Octa Core 1.8 GHz + Qualcomm Snapdragon 650 64-bit 1.8 GHz + Qualcomm Snapdragon 652, Octa Core Mediatek 6753 Octa Core 1.3 Ghz CPU 1.5 GHz + Qualcomm Snapdragon 615 MSM8939, Octa Core 1.8 GHz Qualcomm Snapdragon 650 Hexa Core
Metal Body Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Polycarbonate
Corning Gorilla Glass 3 3 3 3 4 3
FM Radio Yes No Yes Yes
Price (Rs.) 9999 9999 9999 11999 11999 11999 12999 14999



  1. The features of the phones are sourced from online portals, and websites of these mobile phones.
  2. Hybrid slot means the second sim slot can either hold a sim or the memory card. (no separate memory card slot)
  3. Blank cells mean the author do not know the availability of said feature in the particular phone.
  4. Display –The most convenient screen size is 5.5 in. We have included one smartphone with higher size to those who read a lot in their smartphones. The higher the pixels, the better the display.
  5. Infrared sensor – Some smartphones with this feature can act as TV remote as well.
  6. Finger print scanner – no need to remember the codes.
  7. Battery – Lithium Iron Batteries are good. 4000 mAh may last two days.
  8. Memory – Apps are getting fattier after including more and more features. Multiple apps running at the same time and in the background requires more RAM. 2GB RAM is enough for a normal user except for a gamer who may need 3 GB RAM. 16 GB is enough for a normal user.  32 GB memory is enough for a heavy user. You can forget memory cards from now onwards.
  9. Processor – Snapdragon 650 is far faster than Snapdragon 615
  10. Corning Gorilla Glass provides better resistance to screen breakage
  11. It is highly recommended to buy good quality covers for these mobile phones so as to avoid damage due to accidental falls.

Which smartphone to buy: Our recommendations

As  per the AnTuTu (most popular smartphone benchmarking app) report for the first half year 2016, Redmi Note 3 secured 5th rank worldwide, 1st in India, China and many other countries.


Redmi Note 3
Redmi Note 3


Redmi Note 3 is packed with the best features in this category and their earlier models are also great success. It has a powerful processor, comparatively good camera, good sound quality, almost all sensors, good display, lower price, long lasting battery etc.Hence,

under Rs.12000/- category, we recommend Redmi Note 3 32 GB version and

under Rs.10000/- category, we recommend Redmi Note 3 16 GB version.

Click the following links to purchase/ register for these smartphones.

Click the following links to purchase good quality covers for these smartphones.

Even if the phones are not available, register now. We feel that it’s worth the wait.

Thank you for reading.

50+ Tips to improve your internet browsing using Google Chrome – Part 3 of 5 – tips on tab/ window management

Top 50+ tips for Google Chrome organised into five parts. Part 1 and 2 of the article can be accessed from the following links.

part 1 – tips on Google Chrome bookmarks.
Part 2 – tips on chrome extensions

Part 3 – tips on tab/ window management starts below.

  1. Tab/ window Management tips

    1. Move to next tab by pressing CTRL+Tab. Move to previous tab by pressing CTRL+SHIFT+TAB
    2. Open a new tab either by pressing CTRL+T or by pressing the new tab icon on the right side of existing tabs.Google Chrome - New tab
    3. CTRL+N starts a new window with a blank tab.
    4. Incognito mode allows you to browse without leaving any reference in your browser’s history, cookie store, or search history after you’ve closed the incognito window. CTRL+Shift + N starts a new incognito window with a blank tab or select ‘New Incognito window’ from chrome menu..  Any files you download or bookmarks you create will be kept. However, going incognito doesn’t hide your browsing from your server & service provider.

      Incognito mode- Google Chrome

    5. Duplicate a tab by either selecting ‘Duplicate’ from tab right click menu or by dragging the site info icon (shown at the beginning of the address bar) and dropping on to the empty space on the right of tab strip.Google Chrome - Duplicate a tab
    6. Move a tab to a new chrome window, by clicking and dragging the tab downwards to just below the tab strip.Google Chrome - Split window
    7. Similarly you can merge windows by selecting the tab (if more than one tab is to be selected, Press CTRL and click on each tab) and drag it to the desired Chrome window.Google Chrome - Merge windows
    8. Rearrange tabs by just dragging a page tab (if you want to move more tabs at once use CTRL and press another tab) over other tabs.Google Chrome - tab reorder
    9. Move a tab in one Chrome window to another by just dragging that tab to the destination chrome window.Google Chrome - Transfer tabs across chrome windows
    10. Use CTRL+W to close the current tab
    11. Use CTRL + SHIFT + W to close all tabs / current Chrome window
    12. Use CTRL + SHIFT + Q to close all Chrome windows
    13. Reopen recently closed webpage(s) with CTRL+SHIFT +T  or choosing from from Chrome menu>>’History’ list. If you have logged to your Google account in your browser, your recent webpages from your mobile devices also will be displayed in the History.Google Chrome - restore closed tabs
    14. You can open webpages automatically with Chrome Browser by adding those links in Chrome Settings (click on hamburger icon) >>Settings>>On startup>>Set Pages.Google Chrome - Open tabs at startup
    15. To open a number of webpages simultaneously, make a bookmark folder with these page bookmarks. Right click on the folder and select ‘Open all bookmarks’Google Chrome - Open all bookmarks
    16. Open a link in a new tab in the background by pressing down CTRL key while clicking (Left button) on the links. This is particularly helpful for opening a number of links from a single webpage in the background without loosing the focus.Google Chrome - open link in bakground in another tab
    17. Open a link in new tab and go to the new tab by pressing down CTRL+SHIFT key while clicking (Left button) on the link.Google Chrome - open link in new tab and open it
    18. Open a link in new window by pressing down SHIFT key while clicking (Left button) on the link.
    19. Long click on the forward/ backward arrow or right click will give you a list of pages you have visited. You can go forth/ back by clicking on the list items.Google Chrome - tab history
    20. To go to the previous page visited by you, click the backward arrow on the tab strip or press Backspace or ALT + LEFT arrow key. To go to the next page visited by you, click the forward arrow or press SHIFT+Backspace or ALT + RIGHT arrow key.Google Chrome - go backward or forward webpags
    21. Open a new webpage in another tab without leaving the current tab. You just press F6 or highlight the entire address in the address bar. Start typing the new web address and then press ALT + ENTER. A new tab will be opened with the web address.Google Chrome - open new tab from current address bar
    22. You can pin  open tabs to reduce the tab to just the icon, leaving much space on the tab strip. Right click on the tab and select ‘Pin tabs’.Google Chrome - Pin tabs
    23. Unable to load a webpage for long time? Press CTRL+SHIFT+R instead of CTRL +R to reload/ refresh the page. This can be used when you suspect that the local cache copy is displayed instead of the live website.

Click here to view part 1 – tips on Google Chrome bookmarks.
Click here to view part 2 – tips on chrome extensions

Part 4 of the top 50+ tips for Google Chrome with Downloading/ saving & viewing/ screen tips & Part 5 with Search Tips, Miscellaneous tips & summary keyboard shortcuts will be posted soon.

Thank you for reading.